Beans 411

Bean Varieties

Varieties presently grown in California

  • Lima Beans Background -Photographed on a Canon EOS-1 Mark 3Baby Lima
  • Large-LimaLarge Lima
  • Garbanzo bean photoGarbanzo
  • Blackeye Bean photoBlackeyes
  • Dark Red Kidney Beans photoDark Red Kidney
  • Light Red Kidney bean photoLight Red Kidney
  • Cranberry Bean photoCranberry
  • Black bean photoBlack
  • Pink bean photoPink
  • Pinto beanPinto

HOW BEANS ARE GROWN: IRRIGATION METHODS

Furrow Irrigation Method:

Furrow Irrigation

Furrow irrigation method provides moisture to the plants by gravity flowing water into channels (furrows) between the bean rows. Water is distributed by using gated surface line pipe and/or open ditches with siphon pipes.

Drip Irrigation Method:

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Drip irrigation distributes moisture directly to the bean plants via buried drip tape. Drip tape is typically buried at a depth of 10 to 12” and is the most efficient way to apply water and plant nutrients.

Flooding

The flood method is occasionally used in sandy soils in select parts of California and primarily only with blackeye beans. This method is rarely used due to waste.

Dry Farming

Dry farming relies on natural rain and arid temperatures. It is not commonly practiced in California bean farming today due to newly released varieties. However, in parts of Ventura and Santa Barbara Counties it is still practiced.

BEANS ARE A ROW CROP

Row crop

Beans are a traditional “row” crop and are typically grown in rows of 30 to 40.” The field is prepped and seeded with specialized bean planters. The beans typically grow from four to 6 months, depending on the climate. When the bean seeds are mature during pre-harvesting, the bean plants are cut and windrowed.  After they have had a chance to dry (normally two weeks from cutting) a harvester is used to thresh the beans.  Threshing is the term used for separating bean seed from pods and plants. After threshing the beans are placed in a trailer and transported by truck to the bean warehouse.

Map of Beans